2020 U.S. Census

What is the Census?

The count is mandated by the Constitution and conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau, a nonpartisan government agency. The 2020 Census counts the population in all 50 states, the District of Columbia, and five U.S. territories (Puerto Rico, American Samoa, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, Guam, and the U.S. Virgin Islands).

The first U.S. Census took place beginning August 2, 1790. It covered the original 13 States, plus the districts of Kentucky, Maine, and Vermont, and the Southwest Territory (Tennessee).


Why is the Census important?

Representation: The results of the census determines the number of seats each state will have in the U.S. House of Representatives, draw congressional districts, state legislative districts, and local districts.